What Causes Myopia And How To Treat It

What Causes Myopia And How To Treat It

Things You Should Know That Causes Myopia

Myopia definition is a common eye problem that can cause permanent damage to the eyes if it isn’t treated. It is common in kids and teens and worsens as people age. Eye care specialists at DeCarlo Optometry Placentia provide the best services for all your eye needs. Call (714) 996-1136 to set up an appointment, and we’ll make sure you can see clearly.

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What Are The Factors That Causes Myopia?

The level of myopia varies from person to person. Some people’s nearsightedness is mild, while others are severe. Rarely are children born with it or get it when they are young.

Even though no one knows for sure what causes myopia, several things may lead to it:

1. Genetics

Myopia tends to run in families, so if your parents are short-sighted, you’re more likely to be too. Also, it affects men more than women (1 in 3 men will develop myopia compared with 1 in 4 women).

2. Environment

People who spend much time looking at screens (like computers and phones) are more likely to develop myopia as they age. This is because screens can cause eye strain, which might weaken the eye muscles over time.

3. Diet

Our food and how we eat are essential parts of our lives. It affects our bodies, minds, and feelings. Long-term health problems, like myopia, can be caused by not getting enough to eat. So, to keep from getting this condition, you should eat healthy foods.

4. Activity

Children who spend more time outside are less likely to have myopia. This could be because sunlight stimulates the retina, which helps clear the eyes’ sight. It is more likely to happen if you spend too much time indoors or stare at screens like computers and phones.

Age Causes Myopia
Age Causes Myopia

5. Age

The older you get, the more likely you will develop myopia. This happens because our eyes naturally become weaker as we age. This can be due to lens hardening and muscle degeneration.

There are different ways to treat it, depending on your condition. For mild cases, you may not need corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses. If your nearsightedness is terrible, you might need surgery or special eye exercises to fix it.

Suppose you are worried about myopia or think you may have it. In that case, seeing a professional is essential for a complete eye exam. They’ll be able to diagnose myopia and tell you about the best course of treatment.

What Are The Treatment For Myopia?

The following are common treatments for myopia:

  • Eyeglasses

The most common way to treat myopia is with glasses. They help you see better both up close and far away. They work by bending light as it comes into your eye and focusing it on your retina.

  • Contact Lenses

Like glasses, contact lenses bend light so that it focuses on your retina. This means you can see even if you don’t wear glasses or contact lenses. Most of the time, these lenses are easier on the eyes than glasses. But they can give some people infections, dry eyes, and allergic reactions.

  • Myopia Control Methods

There are different ways to control the progression of myopia. Atropine eye drops can help slow it down. But they can also cause side effects like light sensitivity and blurry vision. Orthokeratology is a type of contact lens that can be used to do the same thing. It works best on children and young adults.

Myopia Surgery
Myopia Surgery
  • Myopia Surgery

You may require surgery for the treatment for high myopia. During surgery, the cornea (the eye’s clear front surface) is changed. It changes its focus to help people see better.

There are several types of surgery available to treat nearsightedness, including:

LASIK LASIK is a type of refractive surgery used to correct myopia. In this procedure, a laser creates a flap in the cornea. The surgeon uses another laser to reshape the cornea and correct your vision.

PRK PRK is a type of refractive surgery used to correct myopia. The surgeon uses a laser to remove the cornea’s outer layer in this procedure. The surgeon uses another laser to reshape the cornea and correct your vision.

RK RK is a type of refractive surgery used to correct myopia. In this procedure, the surgeon makes incisions in the cornea and uses them to reshape and restore your vision.

To sum up, many things can cause nearsightedness. There are things you can do to lower your risk of getting myopia or slow the condition’s progression. There are also treatments for nearsightedness that can help ease its symptoms.

DeCarlo Optometry Placentia offers the best myopia treatment to get you on the road to clearer sight. Our treatments are made to help you get the best results possible. Our offices are high-tech and comfortable places where people can relax and enjoy their visit. Call (714) 996-1136 to set up an appointment today!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Once excessive eye growth has begun, we can try to slow it down with myopia control treatments, but we can’t stop the eyes from growing or reverse it. This means that there is no cure for myopia, only ways to correct the blurry far-away vision that it causes.


When we spend more time focusing on close objects, such as phones, screens, or even paperbacks, our eyeballs elongate, preventing the eye from bending light as it should. This elongation causes myopia, or nearsightedness, which causes distant objects to appear blurry.


If you’re an adult who needs glasses because of blurred vision, not wearing them doesn’t make your eyes worse; it just makes them work harder. Corrective glasses allow your eyes to work less hard, resulting in less eye strain and all of the other negative consequences of not wearing your glasses (when you need them).